Showing results for 
Search instead for 
Did you mean: 
Regular Visitor

Send email -3 business day of the month

Hello - this might be a simple solution but it's driving me nuts. I want an automated email to be sent the 3rd business day before the end of the month. 


  • November 26th
  • January 27th
  • February 24th

Accepted Solutions
Regular Visitor

@DamoBird365 @HAZET @ScottShearer Thanks guys! I combined a bit from each of you to get to where I need to get to. Tested it by changing some info to make it true that today is the day I need and bam! Sent email. I've learned more about Power Automate in this thread than I have in the last month!

View solution in original post

Super User
Super User


There are really a number of parts to your question.  First, you need to find the end of the current month.

Here is a blog post to find the end of the month

Once you find the end of the month, you can use addDays() and subtract 2 more days from it.

Then you need to know if the resulting date is a weekday.

Use a dayOfWeek() expression - that will return Sunday as 0 and Saturday as 6.

You can use a condition or write an expression that says if the day of week is 0 or 6, subtract two days from the date (use an addDays() expression).


If you need an example, let me know.


If I have answered your question, please mark your post as Solved.
If you like my response, please give it a Thumbs Up.


Hi @gonzl605 


I notice @ScottShearer has given you an idea, I was working on the solution and will go ahead and post my version as follows.


First, using the "Add to Time" action, I can get the start of this month and add 1 month to the date i.e. with today being 09/11/2021 (it the UK at least 😅), this would return 01/12/2021.  Then using the same action again, I am able to subtract a day and get the end of this month i.e. 30/11/2021.



Next I have created an array of dates (using a select on a range 0 to 7, the last 7 days of this month and used an expression to indicate the day of the week, 0 and 6 being Sunday and Saturday.  I use sub to turn the item() into a negative, i.e. Sub(0,0) is 0, sub(0,1) is -1, then -2 etc.  This allows me to get the last 7 days of the month, including the last day of the month.  I probably on need the last 5 but this will allow you or someone else to adapt for 4th last day, 5th last day etc.


FROM range(0,7)

date adddays(body('Last_Day_of_This_Month'),sub(0,item()))

dayofweek dayOfWeek(adddays(body('Last_Day_of_This_Month'),sub(0,item())))


Filter Array (in advanace mode)

@and(not(equals(item()?['dayofweek'], 0)),not(equals(item()?['dayofweek'], 6)))



The final compose is to return the 3rd element of the array (after it has been filtered).  Elements start from 0,1,2 and so the 3rd element is called by integer 2.




Hopefully this helps you to achieve your goal, pretty complicated but a good challenge.


Please consider accepting my answer as a solution if it helps to solve your problem.


Please take a look and subscribe to my YouTube Channel for more Power Platform ideas and concepts, or take a look at my website. Thanks


Regular Visitor

To find the day three days before the month ends, add a condition and compare 





The first expression just cuts the hours, minutes and seconds off the timestamp, so you get the plain date.

The second adds a month to the timestamp which will move you into the following month (don't worry, if you add a month to the 1st of January, you will get the 28th of February, not the 2nd of March), then goes to the start of this following month and subtracts three days, which brings you back three days into the current month from the end of it.


If both render the same result, you know you are three days before the current month ends.

@DamoBird365 Thanks a ton for the solution! As a newbie it took me a while to follow but I got it to work! 🙂 

Would you mind finishing it off and letting me know how I loop it in with actually sending the email? I am familiar with the email composure piece but how do I get to to shoot off the email on that specific date? Is it as simple as adding "Send email with options"?

Hi @gonzl605 


I would setup a daily recurrence trigger, and then implement a condition.  If utcnow() equals 3rd business day of month, branch yes, else branch no.  You might need to use formatdatetime() to ensure both dates are in same format.  I.e. formatdatetime(date,'yyyy-MM-dd').


I guess the other option would be to set up a recurrence based on 22nd of each month and then use the delay action based on the new date.  Your flow would wait until that date and wouldn't therefore run daily.




to achieve a mail being sent off three workdays before the end of a month, you'd have to do several things. Parts are already described above.

  • Create a scheduled cloud flow that is triggered once every day
  • Make the action conditional, i. e. the sending of the mail. The condition would be that the current date matches the criterion "three workdays before the end of the month". On all but one day of each month your flow won't do anything.
  • Design the criterion properly. What do you want to take into account:
    • Weekdays, i. e. Saturday and Sunday don't count. This is pretty regular and can be handled using a formula
    • Holidays - difficult, the patterns aren't that easy to model. You'd probably need a comparison to some kind of calendar

Can you maybe be more specific regarding the latter issue? Holidays or not?




Regular Visitor

I thought about the "business" day question a little longer. As long as we can ignore holidays, a formula calculating the third-last business day of the current month is:






Regular Visitor



The condition is 

startOfDay(utcNow()) eq subtractFromTime(startOfMonth(addToTime(utcNow(),1,'Month')),min(4,max(2,mod(add(3,dayOfWeek(utcNow())),7))),'Day')




I like that you have used expressions and a single action but I am not getting the 3rd last business day of the month.




Can you explain your thinking as it is definitely much cleaner than mine 😉



Regular Visitor

Hi Damien,

I shall try 🙂

  • I first look at the pattern, how does the weekend affect the effective number of days you have to go back
    • If the last of the month is Sunday to Tuesday, you have to go 4 days back (e. g. 0 Tuesday, -1 Monday, -2 Sunday, -3 Saturday, -4 Friday)
    • If the last of the month is a Saturday, only 3 days: 0 Saturday, -1 Friday, -2 Thursday, -3 Wednesday
    • If it is Wednesday to Friday, two days back suffice
  • Then I looked for a function that would give me those numbers
    • dayofweek(utcNow()) gives you the day of the week as 0 for Sunday to 6 for Saturday
    • mod(add(4,dayofweek(utcNow())),7) shifts this row by 4, so you get 0 for Wednesday to 6 for Tuesday, in particular a 2 for Friday, a 3 for Saturday and a 4 for Sunday. Looks nice already, but the numbers for the other days are either too large or too small.
    • min(2,max(4,mod(add(4,dayofweek(utcNow())),7))) makes sure you get at least a 2 but no more than 4. The row should now be Su 4, Mo 4, Tu 4, We 2, Th 2, Fr 2, Sa 3 - which is exactly what we need.
  • now we calculate the first day of the following month startOfMonth(addToTime(utcNow(),1,'Month')) 
  •  then we go back from there the calculated number of days - and here is where I made a mistake i fear - I need to shift the whole row one day back, as I wanted to get three workdays including the last of the month, now I am getting three days from the beginning of the next month.

Should be easily fixed - I just don't have the time to test it right now. I assume shifting min, max and add up one each will do the trick.

Regular Visitor

@DamoBird365 @HAZET @ScottShearer Thanks guys! I combined a bit from each of you to get to where I need to get to. Tested it by changing some info to make it true that today is the day I need and bam! Sent email. I've learned more about Power Automate in this thread than I have in the last month!



I like the use of Mod - clever.  I was in the process of working it out, my notepad has 4 4 4 2 2 2 3 - just like you - definitely a different approach but more efficient!  I see that @gonzl605 is sorted.  Thanks for sharing.



Helpful resources


Power Platform Connections - Episode 6 | March 23, 2023

Episode Six of Power Platform Connections sees David Warner and Hugo Bernier talk to talk to Business Applications MVP Shane Young, alongside the latest news, product updates, and community blogs.    Use the hashtag #PowerPlatformConnects on social media for a chance to have your work featured on the show!        Show schedule in this episode:  0:00 Cold Open 00:24 Show Intro 01:02 Shane Young Interview 22:00 Blogs & Articles 22:20 Integrate with Power Pages 23:50 Text Data 25:15 Zero to Hero Power Apps Saga 25:44 Parent Hub Association 26:33 Using Custom Values for OneNote Power Automate References​ 28:04 ​Dynamics Power Israel 28:44 Create Beautiful Canvas Apps in Dataverse for Teams ​ 30:36 Outro & Bloopers  Check out the blogs and articles featured in this week’s episode: @crmbizcoach @YerAWizardCat ​ @thevictordantas ​ @Expiscornovus @lshelton_Tech @MMe2K    Action requested: Feel free to provide feedback on how we can make our community more inclusive and diverse.  This episode premiered live on our YouTube at 12pm PST on Thursday 23rd March 2023.  Video series available at Power Platform Community YouTube channel.    Upcoming events:  Business Applications Launch – April 4th – Free and Virtual! M365 Conference - May 1-5th - Las Vegas Power Apps Developers Summit – May 19-20th - London European Power Platform conference – Jun. 20-22nd - Dublin Microsoft Power Platform Conference – Oct. 3-5th - Las Vegas  Join our Communities:  Power Apps Community Power Automate Community Power Virtual Agents Community Power Pages Community  If you’d like to hear from a specific community member in an upcoming recording and/or have specific questions for the Power Platform Connections team, please let us know. We will do our best to address all your requests or questions.   

Announcing | Super Users - 2023 Season 1

Super Users – 2023 Season 1    We are excited to kick off the Power Users Super User Program for 2023 - Season 1.  The Power Platform Super Users have done an amazing job in keeping the Power Platform communities helpful, accurate and responsive. We would like to send these amazing folks a big THANK YOU for their efforts.      Super User Season 1 | Contributions July 1, 2022 – December 31, 2022  Super User Season 2 | Contributions January 1, 2023 – June 30, 2023    Curious what a Super User is? Super Users are especially active community members who are eager to help others with their community questions. There are 2 Super User seasons in a year, and we monitor the community for new potential Super Users at the end of each season. Super Users are recognized in the community with both a rank name and icon next to their username, and a seasonal badge on their profile.    Power Apps  Power Automate  Power Virtual Agents  Power Pages  Pstork1*  Pstork1*  Pstork1*  OliverRodrigues  BCBuizer  Expiscornovus*  Expiscornovus*  ragavanrajan  AhmedSalih  grantjenkins  renatoromao    Mira_Ghaly*  Mira_Ghaly*      Sundeep_Malik*  Sundeep_Malik*      SudeepGhatakNZ*  SudeepGhatakNZ*      StretchFredrik*  StretchFredrik*      365-Assist*  365-Assist*      cha_cha  ekarim2020      timl  Hardesh15      iAm_ManCat  annajhaveri      SebS  Rhiassuring      LaurensM  abm      TheRobRush  Ankesh_49      WiZey  lbendlin      Nogueira1306  Kaif_Siddique      victorcp  RobElliott      dpoggemann  srduval      SBax  CFernandes      Roverandom  schwibach      Akser  CraigStewart      PowerRanger  MichaelAnnis      subsguts  David_MA      EricRegnier  edgonzales      zmansuri  GeorgiosG      ChrisPiasecki  ryule      AmDev  fchopo      phipps0218  tom_riha      theapurva  takolota     Akash17  momlo     BCLS776  Shuvam-rpa     rampprakash   ScottShearer     Rusk   ChristianAbata     cchannon   Koen5     a33ik        AaronKnox        Matren        Alex_10        Jeff_Thorpe        poweractivate        Ramole        DianaBirkelbach        DavidZoon        AJ_Z        PriyankaGeethik        BrianS        StalinPonnusamy        HamidBee        CNT        Anonymous_Hippo        Anchov        KeithAtherton        alaabitar        Tolu_Victor        KRider        sperry1625        IPC_ahaas      zuurg     rubin_boer     cwebb365       If an * is at the end of a user's name this means they are a Multi Super User, in more than one community. Please note this is not the final list, as we are pending a few acceptances.  Once they are received the list will be updated. 

Microsoft Power Platform | March 2023 Newsletter

Welcome to our March 2023 Newsletter, where we'll be highlighting the great work of our members within our Biz Apps communities, alongside the latest news, video releases, and upcoming events. If you're new to the community, be sure to subscribe to the News & Announcements and stay up to date with the latest news from our ever-growing membership network who find real "Power in the Community".        LATEST NEWS Power Platform Connections Check out Episode Five of Power Platform Connections, as David Warner II and Hugo Bernier chat with #PowerAutomate Vice President, Stephen Siciliano, alongside reviewing out the great work of Vesa Juvonen, Waldek Mastykarz, Maximilian Müller, Kristine Kolodziejski, Danish Naglekar, Cat Schneider, Victor Dantas, and many more.       Use the hashtag #PowerPlatformConnects on social media for a chance to have your work featured on the show!   Did you miss an episode?  Catch up now in the Community Connections Galleries Power Apps, Power Automate, Power Virtual Agents, Power Pages     Power Platform leading a new era of AI-generated low-code development.   **HOT OFF THE PRESS** Fantastic piece here by Charles Lamanna on how we're reinventing software development with Copilot in Power Platform to help you can build apps, flows, and bots with just a simple description! Click here to see the Product Blog         Copilot for Power Apps - Power CAT Live To follow on from Charles' blog, check out #PowerCATLive as Phil Topness gives Clay Wesener Wesner a tour of the capabilities of Copilot in Power Apps.           UPCOMING EVENTS   Modern Workplace Conference Check out the Power Platform and Microsoft 365 Modern Workplace Conference that returns face-to-face at the Espace St Martin in Paris on 27-28th March. The #MWCP23 will feature a wide range of expert speakers, including Nadia Yahiaoui, Amanda Sterner, Pierre-Henri, Chirag Patel, Chris Hoard, Edyta Gorzoń, Erika Beaumier, Estelle Auberix, Femke Cornelissen, Frank POIREAU, Gaëlle Moreau, Gilles Pommier, Ilya Fainberg, Julie Ecolivet, Mai-Lynn Lien, Marijn Somers, Merethe Stave, Nikki Chapple, Patrick Guimonet, Penda Sow, Pieter Op De Beéck, Rémi Riche, Robin Doudoux, Stéphanie Delcroix, Yves Habersaat and many more.  Click here to find out more and register today!     Business Applications Launch 2023 Join us on Tuesday 4th April 2023 for an in-depth look into the latest updates across Microsoft Power Platform and Microsoft Dynamics 365 that are helping businesses overcome their biggest challenges today. Find out about new features, capabilities, and best practices for connecting data to deliver exceptional customer experiences, collaborating and creating using AI-powered capabilities, driving productivity with automation, and building future growth with today’s leading technology. Click Here to Register Today!       Power Platform Conference 2023 We are so excited to see you for the Microsoft Power Platform Conference in Las Vegas October 3-5th, 2023! But first, let's take a look below at some fun moments from MPPC 2022 in Orlando Florida. 2023 sees guest speakers such as Charles Lamanna, Heather Cook, Julie Strauss, Nirav Shah, Ryan Cunningham, Sangya Singh, and many more taking part, so why not click the link below to register for the #PowerPlatformConf today! Vegas, baby! Click Here to Register Today!      COMMUNITY HIGHLIGHTS Check out our top Super and Community Users reaching new levels!  These hardworking members are posting, answering questions, kudos, and providing top solutions in their communities.   Power Apps:  Super Users:  @WarrenBelz  |  @iAm_ManCat  Community Users: @LaurensM | @Rusk | @RJM07    Power Automate:   Super Users: @abm  | @Expiscornovus | @RobElliott  Community Users:  @grantjenkins | @Chriddle    Power Virtual Agents:   Super Users: @Expiscornovus | @Pstork1  Community Users: @MisterBates | @Jupyter123 | Kunal K   Power Pages: Super Users:  @OliverRodriguesOliverRodrigues | @Mira_Ghaly  Community Users: @FubarFubar | @ianwukianwuk  LATEST PRODUCT BLOG ARTICLES  Power Apps Community Blog  Power Automate Community Blog  Power Virtual Agents Community Blog  Power Pages Community Blog  Check out 'Using the Community' for more helpful tips and information:  Power Apps, Power Automate, Power Virtual Agents, Power Pages 

Register now for the Business Applications Launch Event | Tuesday, April 4, 2023

Join us for an in-depth look into the latest updates across Microsoft Dynamics 365 and Microsoft Power Platform that are helping businesses overcome their biggest challenges today.   Find out about new features, capabilities, and best practices for connecting data to deliver exceptional customer experiences, collaborating, and creating using AI-powered capabilities, driving productivity with automation—and building towards future growth with today’s leading technology.   Microsoft leaders and experts will guide you through the full 2023 release wave 1 and how these advancements will help you: Expand visibility, reduce time, and enhance creativity in your departments and teams with unified, AI-powered capabilities.Empower your employees to focus on revenue-generating tasks while automating repetitive tasks.Connect people, data, and processes across your organization with modern collaboration tools.Innovate without limits using the latest in low-code development, including new GPT-powered capabilities.    Click Here to Register Today!    

Check out the new Power Platform Communities Front Door Experience!

We are excited to share the ‘Power Platform Communities Front Door’ experience with you!   Front Door brings together content from all the Power Platform communities into a single place for our community members, customers and low-code, no-code enthusiasts to learn, share and engage with peers, advocates, community program managers and our product team members. There are a host of features and new capabilities now available on Power Platform Communities Front Door to make content more discoverable for all power product community users which includes ForumsUser GroupsEventsCommunity highlightsCommunity by numbersLinks to all communities Users can see top discussions from across all the Power Platform communities and easily navigate to the latest or trending posts for further interaction. Additionally, they can filter to individual products as well.   Users can filter and browse the user group events from all power platform products with feature parity to existing community user group experience and added filtering capabilities.     Users can now explore user groups on the Power Platform Front Door landing page with capability to view all products in Power Platform.      Explore Power Platform Communities Front Door today. Visit Power Platform Community Front door to easily navigate to the different product communities, view a roll up of user groups, events and forums.

Microsoft Power Platform Conference | Registration Open | Oct. 3-5 2023

We are so excited to see you for the Microsoft Power Platform Conference in Las Vegas October 3-5 2023! But first, let's take a look back at some fun moments and the best community in tech from MPPC 2022 in Orlando, Florida.   Featuring guest speakers such as Charles Lamanna, Heather Cook, Julie Strauss, Nirav Shah, Ryan Cunningham, Sangya Singh, Stephen Siciliano, Hugo Bernier and many more.   Register today:   

Top Solution Authors
Users online (1,978)