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Helper IV
Helper IV

Trying to Build a Flow That Matches Names and Deducts Associated Values

Good morning. I'm trying to build an inventory flow that can automatically update stock quantities between two different SharePoint Lists, based on statuses and I need some help! What I have so far is this:

 

Applications_1-1655304889524.png

Applications_2-1655304934187.png

Applications_3-1655304986449.png

 

I'm not entirely sure if it's set up correctly, but it definitely doesn't run as intended, the last test I ran resulted in this error:

Applications_4-1655305061766.png

with the error stating, "Unable to process template language expressions in action 'Update_item' inputs at line '0' and column '0': 'The template language function 'sub' expects its first parameter to be an integer or a decimal number. The provided value is of type 'String'. Please see https://aka.ms/logicexpressions#sub for usage details.'."

 

I've tried a number of times to set and initialize the quantity columns in both lists as variables earlier in the flow as well, to no luck. What am I missing?

 

Also, in the flow I need to ensure that it only runs the quantities updates based on if the two columns between the lists (product name) match. I don't think my current flow has that anywhere, how would I achieve that?

 

Please bear in mind I'm very new to PowerAutomate flow building. 

 

Thank you kindly for your support!

12 REPLIES 12
Applications
Helper IV
Helper IV

Looking for some assistance on how to accomplish this - thanks!

eliotcole
Super User
Super User

@Applications I'm not sure that your issue here is wholly power automate, mate ... take a look at exactly how the number that you're using in that sub() expression is presented on a test run, to see what type of data it is.

 

More often than not, number columns in SharePoint are either presented as 'floating point' numbers (1.0 instead of 1), strings ("1") ... or both ("1.0"). You *can* create pure integer columns in SharePoint, but you can also translate them down in Power Automate.

 

For example, this:

@{sub(int(formatNumber(float(triggerOutputs()?['body/{VersionNumber}']), '0')), 1)}

First of all float() changes the Version number (which lists as "2.0") into a floating point number, then formatNumber() changes it into a single digit, then int() changes the string into a proper integer value.

I see, thanks! As far as putting that into an operation, would that be before the subtraction step? And which operation would you use? Or does this supplant the subtraction formula I have in currently? If so, where within that formula would I point to the two columns within each list? Thanks again!

Well, you'd need to show us your sub() expression. 😉


@Applications wrote:

I see, thanks! As far as putting that into an operation, would that be before the subtraction step? And which operation would you use? Or does this supplant the subtraction formula I have in currently? If so, where within that formula would I point to the two columns within each list? Thanks again!


 

Of course! Here is my current sub() expression:

 

Applications_0-1655734308314.png

 

Ah, OK, well your main issue here is that you aren't actually performing any maths, there.

Expression Is Badly Formatted

What your expression is actually trying to do is subtract the phrase "Quantity in Stock" from the phrase "Quantity" ... and I think that most maths programs will have some trouble with that, @Applications 😉.

 

( hope that it is clear that I'm not being rude, here, just playful! 🙂 )

 

You need to refer to actual columns, or literal values that you have defined somewhere else. This brings us neatly onto your second issue ...

 

Working On A Solution

Can you show me the value of the 'Quantity in Stock' column for a few items, @Applications ?

 

Perhaps just create a temporary flow (which you can delete afterwards) which runs a Get items on the list, and then for each one have a compose that shows that value.

 

Then just show screenshots of 2 or 3 of them.

 

 

This will assist in anything that you're doing ... I'm writing a 'generic' answer for you, but this will help you to be more prescriptive yourself in building the final solution.

Be Clearer With What You Need Here

Now that I'm looking at all of this, it's really unclear what one list does, and what the other list does ... then what the synching between the lists will hope to achieve.

 

If you can more clearly define that here, it will help someone give you a very specific solution to what you need here. To help yourself on this (in case it's unclear to yourself), try the next thing ...

 

You Need To Work Out Your Logic Here

Sit down with a pen and paper, and work out how the data in both lists relates to each other.

 

You might be able to do a lot of easy stuff without using flow, here, by referencing data between lists using 'Lookup' columns.

 

Clearly Referencing And Using Values

I *think* I know, but currently it's unclear which values 'Quantity in Stock' and 'Quantity' are referring to.

 

So, even though I can make educated guesses, this flow may need to be seen, used, or maintained, by other people, so you need to make some clearly defined data.

 

So, in order to both help yourself, and to help others, you need to define some information in this flow that makes sense in the context of what it is trying to do.

 

So, below I will make some assumptions, be sure to take what I am writing here GENERALLY. It is general advise on how to proceed, not *exact* things. Use it to create similar things on your end and don't view it as a literal, prescriptive, "do exactly what I say" solution.

 

Example

So, I am going to guess that you might need here:

  • The 'Quantity in Stock' in the previous version
  • The 'Quantity in Stock' in the new version
  • The difference between the two

So you should define these as variables.

 

I will assume that the value in that column is always a whole, integer, number (1, 2, 3), and is stored as such. If it is stored as "1.0" or as a string (text) value, then you will need to do more work on it (hence my previous comment in this thread).

 

So (assuming it is an integer) after your Get changes ... action create three Initialize variable actions for an integer values and name them as follows;

  1. previousStockQuantityVAR
  2. newStockQuantityVAR
  3. differenceStockQuantityVAR

Use the previous version value in the first one, the new value (from the trigger) in the second one, and in the third, you can use that sub() expression, except here it would be:

sub(
	variables('previousStockQuantityVAR'),
	variables('newStockQuantityVAR')
)

 

Now you can use the number that has been created in the differenceStockQuantityVAR anywhere in the flow, and it will be immediately obvious what it is.

 

Once you have got your head around referencing the values in certain parts of the flow, you can start to do more with it, and even do things without the variables (like you're currently trying to do).

 

However using the variables will help you see the logic more clearly whilst you're starting out. 🙂

@eliotcole 

 

Here is a screenshot of the SharePoint list that has the column values (Quantity in Stock)

Applications_0-1655812363830.png

 

And after building the test flow for the compose, here are those results:

1:

Applications_1-1655812712343.png

 

2:

Applications_2-1655812736534.png

 

3:

Applications_3-1655812776696.png

 

 

Be Clearer With What You Need Here
Now that I'm looking at all of this, it's really unclear what one list does, and what the other list does ... then what the synching between the lists will hope to achieve.
If you can more clearly define that here, it will help someone give you a very specific solution to what you need here. To help yourself on this (in case it's unclear to yourself), try the next thing

So what I'm trying to achieve is this:

  • List 1 has the full inventory of a shop (has the Quantity in Stock column)
  • A PowerApp was built to leverage that list so users can select from the inventory and order items
  • List 2 is the order information from the PowerApp (has the Quantity column)
  • I need a flow that does two things, based on statuses within List 2
    • First, identifies that an order has it's status changed to "Delivered"
    • Once the status change happens, it references the item name in List 2 to the item name in List 1, if it has the same name, move to next step which is deduction
    • Deducts the amount ordered in List 2 (Quantity) from the total inventory of the shop in List 1 (Quantity in Stock)
    • Changes the status from "Delivered" to "Posted" as a completion step

What I've done so far is start an automatic flow for when the status in List 2 changes to "Delivered", Get Items from List 1, and try to subtract those, but I understand from the post above, it's trying to subtract the phrases rather than the values (lol). I'm still new to all of this, but your guidance has been absolutely amazing - and with the step above with the compose and seeing that they are indeed being composed as values, gives me hope haha.

 

 

Clearly Referencing And Using Values
I *think* I know, but currently it's unclear which values 'Quantity in Stock' and 'Quantity' are referring to.
So, even though I can make educated guesses, this flow may need to be seen, used, or maintained, by other people, so you need to make some clearly defined data.
So, in order to both help yourself, and to help others, you need to define some information in this flow that makes sense in the context of what it is trying to do.
So, below I will make some assumptions, be sure to take what I am writing here GENERALLY. It is general advise on how to proceed, not *exact* things. Use it to create similar things on your end and don't view it as a literal, prescriptive, "do exactly what I say" solution.
Example
So, I am going to guess that you might need here:
  • The 'Quantity in Stock' in the previous version
  • The 'Quantity in Stock' in the new version
  • The difference between the two
So you should define these as variables.
I will assume that the value in that column is always a whole, integer, number (1, 2, 3), and is stored as such. If it is stored as "1.0" or as a string (text) value, then you will need to do more work on it (hence my previous comment in this thread).
So (assuming it is an integer) after your Get changes ... action create three Initialize variable actions for an integer values and name them as follows;
  1. previousStockQuantityVAR
  2. newStockQuantityVAR
  3. differenceStockQuantityVAR
Use the previous version value in the first one, the new value (from the trigger) in the second one, and in the third, you can use that sub() expression, except here it would be:
sub(
	variables('previousStockQuantityVAR'),
	variables('newStockQuantityVAR')
)
 
Now you can use the number that has been created in the differenceStockQuantityVAR anywhere in the flow, and it will be immediately obvious what it is.
Once you have got your head around referencing the values in certain parts of the flow, you can start to do more with it, and even do things without the variables (like you're currently trying to do).
However using the variables will help you see the logic more clearly whilst you're starting out.

 

When I try to initialize variable for the Get Items (List 1), it turns it into an Apply to Each control and then I get an error when trying to save it:

 

Applications_5-1655814130608.png

 

Here is what my overall flow looks like now though:

Applications_6-1655814199106.png

 

  • When an item is created or modified (New Order was posted in List 2)
  • Get Changes from List 2
  • Get Items (List 1)
  • Initialize Variable (Quantity ordered from List 2)
  • Initialize Variable (Quantity in Stock from List 1)
  • Condition to ensure status change was set to "Delivered"
  • Update Item (List 1, includes the subtraction formula)
    • Subtraction formula is: 
      sub(variables('QuantityInStockVAR'), variables('QuantityOrderedVAR'))
  • Update Item (List 2, changes Status to "Posted" once the subtraction has been complete in List 1)
  • Send an Email

 

Hope this helps with some clarification on what I'm trying to do vs. what I currently have - thank you! @eliotcole 

I've not got too much time to look fully at it now, but this will all really help, @Applications ... thanks! Whomever does help you with this ... or me ... will have a much easier time knowing this.

🙂👍

 

Pure instinctual reaction has me thinking you should have 2 flows with maybe two or three extra columns in list 1.

 

List 1 - New Columns

  • availablestock - Calculated Number column (no decimal places/thousands)
  • reservedstock - Number column (no decimal places/thousands)

Where availablestock will always be the formula:

=[stock]-[reservedstock]

So 'stock' will always indicate the total amount, but available stock will show what's available for other orders which might come in seconds afterwards.

 

Maybe some time in the future you can work out a system to identify individual order amounts in there.

 

Flow 1 - New Orders

  1. Trigger on List 2 on new item only

  2. Check that availablestock has enough to fulfill the order

  3. If it does, immediately add the amount requested to whatever value is currently in List 1's reservedstock
    This now means that any other orders can respond accordingly

  4. If it does not, respond to say that it's out of stock and they should resubmit and stop the flow

  5. After that conditional action do whatever is needed

 

Flow 2 - Delivered Orders

  1. Trigger on List 2 only when the status is equals to 'Delivered'

  2. Remove the ordered stock amount from reservedstock and stock in List 1
    Because it is now definitively gone

  3. Perform any other actions

 

End Result

Now you have a system that will ensure that stock levels are not only accurate, but also ensures that orders which are in progress won't impact other orders.

 

Obviously this is all around other processing here, and maybe other flows, but separating these two actions up like this will really ensure that it runs smoothly, I think.

 

As an example of potentially useful stuff that you could do which wouldn't need Flow at all ... I'd also recommend that you play with Lookup columns in List 1 which show which orders in List 2 are currently live. These lookup columns wouldn't have to be visible on all views, but they could be invaluable for understanding the data.

 

If I can I'll come back and try to do something for you. Otherwise, I'm sure someone else will have a pop ... good luck!

Understood! For the Flow 1 - New Orders portion, I don't think that's needed because within the PowerApp built it has some of that logic within the stock visualization process, so not needed within PowerAutomate. The other aspects I concur with and that's exactly what I'm looking for - thank you! I look forward to your (or anyone elses) support. Thank you!

@eliotcole 

 

Good morning! I tried modifying the flow based on the test we conducted yesterday, using Compose as a method to see if the columns were outputting integers, but it failed this morning. Is this an appropriate modification, or unnecessary? Thanks!

 

Modification:

Compose -> Quantity in Stock column in List 1

Initialize Variable -> Output of that

Compose -> Quantity column in List 2

Initialize Variable -> Output of that

 

Applications_0-1655904145097.png

 

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